Comparing the House and Senate Tax Reform Proposals in Tax Cuts and Jobs Act

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By CohnReznick LLP

On November 9, 2017, the House Ways and Means Committee voted on the final amendments to its tax reform bill, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (H.R. 1). On the same day, Senate Finance Committee Chairman Orrin Hatch (R-UT) released a summary of the Senate GOP’s version of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.  On November 15, 2017, the Senate Committee on Finance released a list of proposed changes to the original Senate Tax Reform Proposal.  The tweaks by Senate Finance Committee Chairman Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, largely move to make the bill comply with Senate budget rules.  One change of note is the insertion of a provision to eliminate the Affordable Care Act individual shared responsibility payment (personal insurance mandate) for post-December 31, 2018. 

The House and Senate versions of the bill have several similar provisions, but there are some significant differences. Both versions would move the United States from a worldwide tax regime to a territorial system, reduce corporate income tax rates, eliminate the corporate and individual alternative minimum taxes, increase the standard deduction, and expand child tax credits. Differences include the rules relating to the mortgage interest deduction, IRC Section 179 deduction, and the Estate Tax.


As of the writing of this document, the Joint Committee on Taxation released its summary of the most recent version of the Senate proposal.  There are many steps that need to happen between now and when any version of tax reform becomes law.  Taxpayers should continue to monitor the progress in both the House and the Senate to ensure they understand how the proposed rules would impact their position.      

CohnReznick will continue to monitor the tax reform process and release timely updates as more information becomes available.

Read our full alert, which charts an overview and comparison of current law, the House tax reform bill, and the Senate tax reform bill by clicking here.